assemblage
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From the collection of the National Park Service, National Mall and Memorial Parks.

assemblage

CATALOG NUMBER

VIVE 15498

ACCESSION DATE

10/27/2009

ASSOCIATED NAMES ON THE WALL
ITEM SUMMARY

Artifact assemblage dedicated to U.S. Army Sergeant First Class (SFC) Alden Bertram Willey and consisting of: military issue, Legionnaire Degree/Legion of Merit Medal (miniature), military issue, U.S. Army 1st Special Forces Distinctive Unit Insignia lapel pin, a white cardboard sleeve, and an 'in-country', black & white photographic print depicting eight (8) American male service members posed upon the front stoop of a military structure around a sign reading, "WELCOME TO / CAMP DONC-TRE / DET A-222". A green, poly-plastic arrow affixed to the photographic print presumably identifies SFC Willey (bottom row: fourth from left). The artifact assemblage was left at The Wall by an anonymous donor between September - October 2009.

ITEM DESCRIPTION

ASSEMBLAGE DEDICATED TO U.S. ARMY SERGEANT FIRST CLASS (SFC) ALDEN BERTRAM WILLEY AND CONSISTING OF: COMPONENT (A) MILITARY ISSUE, LEGIONNAIRE DEGREE/LEGION OF MERIT MEDAL (MINIATURE), COMPONENT (B) MILITARY ISSUE, U.S. ARMY 1ST SPECIAL FORCES DISTINCTIVE UNIT INSIGNIA LAPEL PIN, COMPONENT (C) WHITE CARDBOARD SLEEVE, AND COMPONENT (D) BLACK & WHITE PHOTOGRAPHIC PRINT. COMPONENT (A) U.S. MILITARY MEDAL (MINIATURE). MILITARY ISSUE, LEGIONNAIRE DEGREE/LEGION OF MERIT MEDAL, FULL COLOR. THE OBVERSE OBJECT SURFACE OF THE MEDAL CONSISTS OF A GREEN ENAMEL AND METAL LAUREL WREATH JOINED AT THE BOTTOM BY A GOLD BOW-KNOT (ROSETE) IN RAISED RELIEF, ENCIRCLING A FIVE(5)-POINTED WHITE AND CRIMSON ENAMEL STAR, POINTS REVERSED WITH V-SHAPED EXTREMITIES TIPPED WITH A GOLD SPHERE. AT THE CENTER OF THE OBVERSE OBJECT SURFACE, A BLUE ENAMEL DISK IS ENCIRCLED BY GOLD CLOUDS IN RAISED RELIEF, WITH THIRTEEN (13) WHITE ENAMEL AND GOLD TRIMMED STARS (OR MULLETS) IN A PATTERN REFLECTING THE GLORY FROM THE GREAT SEAL OF THE UNITED STATES. BETWEEN EACH STAR POINT, WITHIN THE WREATH, ARE GOLD CROSSED ARROWS EXECUTED IN RAISED RELIEF AND POINTING OUTWARDS. THE REVERSE SURFACE OF THE OBJECT MEDAL BEARS A GOLD DESIGN IN RAISED RELIEF COMPRISED OF THE SAME MOTIF FEATURED AT THE OBVERSE OBJECT SURFACE, WHILE AT THE CENTER A BLANK, CIRCULAR DISK IS RESERVED FOR ENGRAVING THE NAME OF THE AWARD RECIPIENT. ENCIRCLING THIS DISK IS AN INNER SCROLL BEARING THE LATIN MOTTO FROM THE GREAT SEAL OF THE UNITED STATES, "ANNUIT COEPTIS MDCCLXXXII" (EXECUTED IN RAISED LETTERS AND TRANSLATED IN ENGLISH AS, "S/HE APPROVES OF THE UNDERTAKINGS 1782"), WHILE CIRCUMSCRIBING THE ENTIRE REVERSE OBJECT SURFACE IS AN OUTER SCROLL BEARING THE PHRASE, "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" IN RAISED LETTERING. THE OBJECT MEDAL IS SUSPENDED FROM THE OBJECT RIBBON VIA A SINGLE, CIRCULAR GOLD RING. THE NYLON FABRIC OBJECT RIBBON CONSISTS OF ALTERNATING, VERTICAL WHITE AND CRIMSON STRIPES. THE OBJECT IS TYPICALLY AFFIXED TO MILITARY DRESS VIA A METAL SUPPORT/SUSPENSION BAR, AND IS PRESENTLY MOUNTED TO A SMALL TAB INCISED INTO THE OBVERSE OBJECT SURFACE OF COMPONENT (C). AN ACT OF CONGRESS (PUBLIC LAW 671- 77TH CONGRESS, CHAPTER 508, 2D SESSION) ON 20 JULY 1942, ESTABLISHED THE LEGION OF MERIT AND PROVIDED THAT THE MEDAL, "SHALL HAVE SUITABLE APPURTENANCES AND DEVICES AND NOT MORE THAN FOUR DEGREES, AND WHICH THE PRESIDENT, UNDER SUCH RULES AND REGULATIONS AS HE SHALL PRESCRIBE, MAY AWARD TO (A) PERSONNEL OF THE ARMED FORCES OF THE UNITED STATES AND OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH PHILIPPINES AND (B) PERSONNEL OF THE ARMED FORCES OF FRIENDLY FOREIGN NATIONS WHO, SINCE THE PROCLAMATION OF AN EMERGENCY BY THE PRESIDENT ON 8 SEPTEMBER 1939, SHALL HAVE DISTINGUISHED THEMSELVES BY EXCEPTIONALLY MERITORIOUS CONDUCT IN THE PERFORMANCE OF OUTSTANDING SERVICES". THE MEDAL WAS ANNOUNCED IN WAR DEPARTMENT BULLETIN NO. 40 DATED 5 AUGUST 1942. EXECUTIVE ORDER 9260, DATED 29 OCTOBER 1942, BY PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT, ESTABLISHED THE RULES FOR THE LEGION OF MERIT AND REQUIRED THE PRESIDENT'S APPROVAL FOR AWARD. (SOURCE: THE INSTITUTE OF HERALDRY- HTTP://WWW.TIOH.HQDA.PENTAGON.MIL) COMPONENT (B) MILITARY ISSUE, U.S. ARMY 1ST SPECIAL FORCES DISTINCTIVE UNIT INSIGNIA LAPEL PIN. THE OBJECT CONSISTS OF A SMALL, BRASS AND BLACK ENAMEL PIN WITH A DESIGN AT THE OBVERSE OBJECT SURFACE BEARING A REPRESENTATION OF THE U.S. ARMY 1ST SPECIAL FORCES DISTINCTIVE UNIT INSIGNIA (I.E. PAIR (2) ARROWS IN SALTIRE, POINTS UP AND SURMOUNTED AT THEIR JUNCTION BY A DAGGER WITH HANDLE POINT UP, ALL OVER AND BETWEEN A MOTTO SCROLL ARCHING TO BASE AND INSCRIBED, "DE OPPRESSO LIBER" IN RAISED LETTERING). THE PIN IS TYPICALLY AFFIXED TO MILITARY DRESS VIA A SINGLE CLUTCHBACK, AND IS PRESENTLY AFFIXED TO THE UPPER, PROPER RIGHT-HAND CORNER OF COMPONENT (C). (SOURCE: THE INSTITUTE OF HERALDRY- HTTP://WWW.TIOH.HQDA.PENTAGON.MIL) COMPONENT (C) WHITE CARDBOARD SLEEVE. THE OBJECT CONSISTS OF A RECTANGULARLY SHAPED, WHITE CARDBOARD SLEEVE COMPRISED OF HEAVY GAUGE CARDSTOCK WITH A SINGLE TAB INCISED INTO THE UPPER, CENTER EDGE TO WHICH COMPONENT (A) IS PRESENTLY AFFIXED. COMPONENT (B) IS ALSO PRESENTLY AFFIXED TO THE UPPER, PROPER RIGHT-HAND CORNER OF THE CARDBOARD SLEEVE VIA A SINGLE CLUTCHBACK AT THE REVERSE OBJECT SURFACE. THE OBVERSE OBJECT SURFACE OF THE SLEEVE BEARS HANDWRITTEN INSCRIPTIONS IN BLACK INK AND BLOCK SCRIPT/ARABIC NUMERALS ALONG THE UPPER AND LOWER EDGES READING, "FOR ALDEN WILLEY" (UPPER EDGE) AND, "5TH SFG 1966" (LOWER EDGE). COMPONENT (D) BLACK & WHITE PHOTOGRAPHIC PRINT. THE OBJECT CONSISTS OF A RECTANGULARLY SHAPED, BLACK & WHITE PHOTOGRAPHIC PRINT (LANDSCAPE ORIENTATION) UPON A SHEET OF, "KODAK XTRALIFE" PHOTO PAPER. THE IMAGE AT THE OBVERSE SURFACE OF THE PRINT IS AN 'IN-COUNTRY' IMAGE CONSISTING OF EIGHT (8) CAUCASIAN AMERICAN SERVICE MEMBERS IN FIELD ATTIRE (I.E. TROPICAL COMBAT COATS, FATIGUE TROUSERS, JUNGLE BOOTS, ETC.) POSING (FIVE (5) SEATED IN FRONT AND THREE (3) STANDING BEHIND) AROUND A SIGN ON THE FRONT STOOP OF A STRUCTURE BEARING A REPRESENTATION OF THE U.S. ARMY MASTER PARACHUTIST BADGE AND THE PHRASE, "WELCOME TO / CAMP DONC - TRE / DET A - 222". A LARGE, GREEN, POLY-PLASTIC ARROW AFFIXED TO THE SURFACE OF THE PRINT IDENTIFIES THE INDIVIDUAL SEATED AT THE CENTER OF THE GROUP (PRESUMABLY U.S. ARMY SERGEANT FIRST CLASS (SFC) ALDEN BERTRAM WILLEY), WHILE A VIETNAMESE MAN IN A WHITE T-SHIRT IS OBSERVED STANDING BEHIND THE GROUP AT THE PROPER LEFT-HAND SIDE OF THE BACKGROUND. NINE (9) SEPARATE HANDWRITTEN INSCRIPTIONS IN BLACK INK AND BLOCK SCRIPT/ARABIC NUMERALS ARRANGED AROUND THE EXTERIOR CIRCUMFERENCE OF THE REVERSE OBJECT SURFACE AND AT THE CENTER OF THE PRINT IDENTIFY THE SERVICE MEMBERS PICTURED IN THE PHOTO, INCLUDING SFC WILLEY, AS WELL AS THE YEAR THE PHOTOGRAPH WAS TAKEN, "1966".

ACCESSION GROUP

VIVE-00245

RECORD COPONENT QTY

4

ASSOCIATED ITEM TEXT

Text of the various inscriptions upon COMPONENTS (A - D) is transcribed/translated in full, as follows: [COMPONENT (A), reverse object surface] "ANNUIT COEPTIS MDCCLXXXII" (translated in English as, "She/he approves of the undertakings of 1792) / "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" / [COMPONENT (B), obverse object surface, raised lettering inscription] "DE OPPRESSO LIBER" / [COMPONENT (C), obverse object surface, handwritten inscription] "FOR ALDEN WILLEY / 5TH SFG 1966" / [COMPONENT (D), obverse object surface, visible photograph sign inscription] "WELCOME TO / CAMP DONC - TRE / DET A - 222" / [COMPONENT (D), reverse object surface, handwritten inscriptions, clockwise from upper, proper right-hand corner] "LT NICHOLSON CAP PSYOPS / CPT. PETERS C.O. / "[illegible] ON LOAN FOR OPNS [?]" / SSGT. ROBERTS INTELL / SFC BUSSARD CONMD / SFC WILLEY HWY. [?] WPNS / MSGT THOMAS TM SGT / SSG BURROWS MEDIC / 1966"

ITEM DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT

Item Weight: 12.3g (Collective weight of COMPONENTS (A - C))
Item Length: 7.5cm
Item Width: 4.0cm
Item Depth: 1.5cm (Depth)